利用七牛打造自动化数据灾备

作者: shaneZhang 分类: 互联网技术 发布时间: 2015-08-20 09:21

一直以来数据备份一直是个头疼的问题,也尝试过不少备份的工具,现在也有像多备份这样的工作在提供,可是还是有些不尽人意,比如流量限制,太少等情况。今天我们来一起学习下利用七牛做自动化灾备的脚本编写,我这里选择的是python,本来想用php的,后来考虑到可能要备份大文件的话php可能略显威力不够了。

  • 先安装七牛的sdk

    pip install qiniu

  • 编写如下python代码


#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
import os
import sys
from time import strftime,gmtime
import tarfile
from qiniu import Auth
from qiniu import put_file
import qiniu.config
import smtplib
from email.MIMEText import MIMEText
from email.MIMEMultipart import MIMEMultipart


access_key = ''
secret_key = ''
bucket_name = ''
db_host = ''
db_user = ''
db_password = ''
db_name = ''
db_charset = 'utf8'
file_name = 'api'+strftime("%Y-%m-%d",gmtime())
back_dir = '/home/backup/'
web_root = '/home/api/'
tar_file = back_dir.rstrip('/')+'/'+file_name+'.tar.gz'
db_file = back_dir.rstrip('/')+'/'+'db.sql'

def log(status='Success',content=''):
    print '%s [%s] %s' %(strftime("%Y/%m/%d %H:%M:%S",gmtime()),status,content)

tar = tarfile.open(tar_file,'w|gz')
for root,dirs,files in os.walk(web_root):
    for file in files:
        tar.add(os.path.join(root,file))

sql_dump = os.system("mysqldump -h%s -u%s -p%s %s --default_character-set=%s > %s" \
    %(db_host, db_user, db_password, db_name, db_charset, db_file))

if sql_dump == 0:
    tar.add(db_file)
else:
    log('Error','db dump fail')

tar.close()
if os.path.exists(back_dir+file_name+'.tar.gz') != True:
    log('Error','tar fail')
    sys.exit()


def send_Email(json_result):
    #邮件接受者
    mail_receiver = ['']
    #根据不同邮箱配置 host,user,和pwd
    mail_host = ''
    mail_user = ''
    mail_pwd = ''
    mail_to = ','.join(mail_receiver)
    
    msg = MIMEMultipart()
    message = json_result
    body = MIMEText(message, _subtype='html', _charset='utf-8')
    msg.attach(body)
    msg['To'] = mail_to
    msg['from'] = mail_user
    msg['subject'] = 'API备份通知'
    
    try:
        s = smtplib.SMTP()
        s.connect(mail_host)
        s.login(mail_user, mail_pwd)
        
        s.sendmail(mail_user, mail_receiver, msg.as_string())
        s.close()
        
        print 'success'
    except Exception, e:
        print e



q = Auth(access_key, secret_key)
mime_type = "application/x-gzip"
params = {'x:a': 'a'}
localfile = tar_file

key = file_name+'.tar.gz'
token = q.upload_token(bucket_name, key)

progress_handler = lambda progress, total: progress
ret, info = put_file(token, key, localfile, params, mime_type, progress_handler=progress_handler)
print(info)
if ret['key'] == key:
   print '上传成功'
   send_Email('本次本次备份成功了,备份文件为:'+tar_file)
else:
   print '上传失败'
   send_Email('本次本次备份失败了,备份文件为:'+tar_file)

os.remove(db_file)
os.remove(tar_file)
  • 配置crontab定时任务就可以了

   crontab -e
   30 2 * * *  /usr/bin/python   /home/backup/apibackup.py
   

本页面支持AMP友好显示:利用七牛打造自动化数据灾备

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